Hazard Perception and Defensive Driving

Hazard Perception is hugely important in driving. You need to pass a hazard perception test during your theory examination

On the very first page of “Driving: The Essential Skills” it states:

‘Safe driving is all about developing the right attitude and approach and combining this with a sound knowledge of defensive driving techniques. It means not only driving with courtesy and consideration for everyone else but also being prepared to make allowances for their errors.’

To achieve the above takes practice! Observation & awareness, anticipation & planning are crucial skills to achieve a defensive drive. The course will cover what & how to observe well ahead of you so that your drive becomes safer, smoother, more economical, less stressful for you & those around you.


  • What are static, temporary and moving hazards.
  • The best views; How/where to observce hazards and how they will affect you and other traffic.
  • Observation Links: What am I anticipating and planning?
  • How to use acceleration sense and engine braking when approaching hazards and lower speed limits.
  • How to plan ahead, time the speed on the approach to junctions to be able to flow into safe gaps in the traffic.
  • How to progressive brake and deal with closely following traffic.
  • How do road and weather conditions affect our drive.
  • What to do about vulnerable road users and emergency vehicles.
  • How to recognise the impact of your driving on other road users.

Recommended Reading

We recommend that you read through the following materials

  • The Highway Code

All official publications by DSA are available through www.tso.co.uk or bookshops.